Carmyle as a place name, originally appears as a gift of the lands by Herbert, the Bishop of Glasgow (1147-64) to the Cistercian Abbey of Neubotle (Newbattle in Midlothian). This abbey had been established a few years previously by David I, whose mother, the saintly Margaret, Queen of Scotland and wife of Malcolm Ceanmore, had done so much to sow the seeds of Christianity in early Scotland.
The name Carmyle, is supposed, by competent authorities, to be derived from two gaelic words, Cair-maol or Cathair-maol and in our mother tongue means, “the bare town” or “bare rounded rock”. The reason for this may not be too difficult to find.
Originally, most of the land to the north of Carmyle and Tollcross was forest and brushwood, giving excellent cover for wild animals, but the strips of land alongside the river banks were very rich for cultivating. Therefore, the lands in and around Carmyle were probably cleared at an early date, so as to give room for successful agriculture. “Bare town” would be quite appropriate in the circumstances.
Following on its becoming an attribute of the church through Bishop Herbert, the district was confirmed to the monks from time to time by succeeding kings and popes. A note appended to the transcript of a papal bull, dated 1263, shows that the monks had ceased to be owners, for the time being. How the change occurred is explained in a charter granted by John Cheyam, Bishop of Glasgow, on 11th June 1268. It appears that the bishop had, with his own money and with the help of Sir Reginald of Irewyn, Archdeacon of Glasgow, purchased, or redeemed, the land of Kermil. Being zealous for the increase of divine service in Glasgow Cathedral, he dedicated the property (except the new mill which he had erected on the water of the Clyde) for sustenance of three chaplains or priests, to celebrate divine service in the Cathedral for the souls of the predecessors and successors of Archdeacon Reginald. Bishop John’s pious arrangement, however, seems to have been disregarded by Robert Wishart, the succeeding bishop. His interference led the dean and chapter to appeal to the Pope in 1275, for redress. The bishops of Dunbiane and Argyle were commanded, by the Pope, to investigate the matter, but the final outcome was never documented.
The Mill Dam
The district, and village, was known by various names, and we’ve come across Carmyld, Karmyle, Kermil, Neddyr Carmyle, Overe Carmyle and Wester Carmyled. The name Hutchesoune was applied to the district called Nether Carmyle, having been added in or about the year 1579, to the lands now owned by Thomas Hutcheson. His two sons were the founders of the hospital and school in Glasgow, bearing their name.
These lands descended, by succession, through the two brothers George and Thomas Hutcheson, and their three sisters, to Ninain Hill who had married the youngest sister. By the year 1659 the lands of Hutcheson had passed into other hands and since then has been owned by other families.
The rise of the “Tobacco Lords” brought prosperity to Glasgow and surrounding districts, many of whom became lairds in the area, such as the Bogies, Buchanans and Dunlops. Merchants bought land because it brought them social distinction and economic security. Only through ownership of an estate of sufficient size, was it possible to participate fully in the lifestyle of the political and social elite. These landowners had virtual control over the selection of parish ministers and village school teachers, the two most important sources of influence at parochial level. Towards the end of the 18th century, traders were buying land, not for their amenity or prestige value, but to exploit its mineral and industrial resources. The opening of the Monkland Canal in 1793, in which several “Tobacco Lords” had invested, saw an upsurge in land purchase.
James Dunlop was the outstanding example of a merchant buying up mineral areas in this way. After 1793 his purchases all had three factors in common: proximity to Glasgow, cheap transport there, via the canal, and the availability of extensive resources of coal and iron ore. James Dunlop inherited the estate of Carmyle in 1778 from his father, Cohn Dunlop, Provost of Glasgow 1770-72, and by late 1793 owned a series of estates valued at over £60,000.
From very early times there were Bogies in Glasgow. One of them, Patrick Bogle was the curate of the Cadder church in 1509. The family owned a vast amount of land. Isobehle Bogyll was in Daldowie Westryn in 1555, Thomas Bogyll in the lands of Chedystrian (Shettleston) in 1510 and Wilzen Bogyll in Carmyle, called Bogleshole in 1569. There are many examples of different Bogylls in holding farms in the Carmyle district and around Daldowie.
The Bogleshole Bridge forms part of a new road linking Cambuslang Road, at Eastfield, with Fullerton Road, which runs through the old Clyde Iron Works from Tollcross to Cambuslang. There’s been a ford across the river, at this point, for centuries, with a rough track leading to it, on both sides of the water. It was always a dangerous crossing point. The river current swirled in circles at various spots, digging out holes in the bed. The spot reputedly got its name when a certain Mr Bogle decided to cross the ford, fell into one of the holes, and was drowned.
A Page from the Housekeepers Book from Bogleshole.
1775 - 1789.
NOTES: Updated for 1st March, 2010.
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